Design approach

Capability Driven Design is a designer-friendly approach to efficiently guide product designers to comprehensively explore the lives of potential users in Design for Development projects. The approach consists of four steps, which are visualised in the figure below.

To develop this systemic approach analytic guidance is derived from Sen’s ‘Capability Approach’ (CA), and practical guidance is derived from the domains of product design (more specifically user-centred design), and rapid ethnography.

Domains which informed the Capability Driven Design approach

Domains which informed the Capability Driven Design approach

The approach has been developed by the researchers when deploying it in the field and discussing the approach with experts. The approach is evaluated by eight design teams using the approach in the field during their design projects and by 52 experts from different countries and backgrounds. The approach as presented on this online platform remains open to critique and modifications and you can contribute to its continuous development by using the approach and sharing your experiences and feedback (see: ‘you’)

 

 

The CDD approach consists of two parts. The first part is its contents (theoretical) consisting of a thinking framework, prerequisites, guidelines a set of conversation topics (themes) and questions. The second part is a procedure (practical) consisting of a four-step procedure, tips and tricks. Both parts of the approach are presented in the manual. The full approach is presented in the figure below.

 

The Capability Driven Design approach and its two components: content (theoretical) and procedure (practical)

The Capability Driven Design approach and its two components: content (theoretical) and procedure (practical)

 

procedure

The procedure consists of a four-step procedure, tips and tricks. When clicking a subheading, you can find more information about each of these CDD procedure elements. For more background on these aspects download the document ‘practical background CDD’ or see chapter 3 of the thesis ‘Design for Well-Being’ under [resources]

 

The CDD approach procedure consists of four steps which guide the design team to conduct rigorous, comprehensive and efficient user-context research.